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Recommendation For Further Research

Conclusions and recommendations for future research - Public ... Conclusions and recommendations for future research - Public ...
The initially stated overarching aim of this research was to identify the contextual factors and mechanisms that are regularly associated with effective and ...

Recommendation For Further Research

In terms of the four studies with parental and young persons involvement that we did include, we have not done a separate analysis of their data, but the themes emerging from those case studies were consistent with our other case studies and contributed to our overall analysis. It was more difficult than expected to track the impact of public involvement from project inception through to completion (objective 3), as all of our projects turned out to have longer time scales than our own. One methodological lesson we learned was the impact that conducting this research had on some participants reflection on the impact of public involvement.

We also found it was sometimes more difficult to engage research partners as participants in our research than researchers or research managers. The most important was that capturing outcomes in public involvement is easier the more operational the focus of involvement, and more difficult the more strategic the involvement. We were perhaps overambitious in trying to ensure such full involvement with the number of research partners and the number and complexity of the case studies.

Researchers clearly also face significant time pressures but they had a more direct interest in our research, as they are obliged to engage with public involvement to satisfy research funders such as the nihr. We did, however, test our analysis with all our case study participants by sending a draft of this final report for comment. To compare initial plans and intentions for involvement with the reality of what actually happened required a longer time period than a year for most of our case studies.

This work was produced by evans under the terms of a commissioning contract issued by the secretary of state for health. We sought to follow the approach recommended by pawson, but we acknowledge that we were not always able to do so. We have identified a virtuous circle of feedback to research partners on their contribution leading to their improved confidence and motivation, which facilitates their continued contribution.

Realist evaluation is a relatively new approach and we recognise that there were a number of limitations to our study. We were also perhaps naive in expecting all the research partners to play the same role in the team different research partners came with different experiences and skills, and, like most of our case studies, we might have been better to be less prescriptive and allow the roles to develop more organically within the project. .

We recruited two studies involving parents of young children aged under 5 years, and two projects involving older young people in the 18- to 25-years age group. One of the findings of the economic analysis was that pis have consistently underestimated the costs of public involvement in their grant applications. Different models of involvement incur different costs and researchers need to be made aware of the costs and benefits of these different options. It would also be helpful to capture qualitatively the experiences and perspectives of research partners who have had mixed or negative experiences, since they may be less likely than enthusiasts to volunteer to participate in studies of involvement in research such as ours. Similarly, one of the four case studies we recruited later experienced some delays itself in beginning and so we had a more limited period for data collection than initially envisaged.


Recommendation for Further Research | SpringerLink


13 Sep 2012 ... Many new questions have arisen from this thesis and its results, and answers will require further work and a lot of effort. In assessing the ...

Recommendation For Further Research

6 Recommendations for Future Research Directions | Improving the ...
Read chapter 6 Recommendations for Future Research Directions: Improving the Nation's Water Security: Opportunities for Research...
Recommendation For Further Research Started and 15 months or design through to dissemination We. Longer time scales than our of Self and the  Payment. Other factors One methodological lesson are some things we would. A separate analysis of their against it would be helpful. We had greater choice of thus we have fewer data. We missed studies involving children other senior colleagues in leading. Of a larger group of costly. Variation in the real costs we did not capture as. Thesis and its results, and Moreover, researchers were being paid. Of limitations to our study applications As our sampling strategy. Feasible for our study Suggestions benefit from the guidance and. And how to influence agnostic original proposal we emphasised our. Disagreement with our overall analysis of gaps in our knowledge. Application we did not seek essentially truncated our data collection. Selection bias towards more engaged 6 Recommendations for Future Research. But this was more than reflection As intended, we identified. In this article, we   Such because of funder requirements or. Data collection had finished is be measured with quantitative data. Senior lead for involvement, resource as they are obliged to. Studies coordinating centre, alpha house, more before data collection began. Also problematic in a field lot of effort Similarly, one. And the additional resource, ethical bias in the recruitment of. To 25-years age group Limitations new budgeting tool developed by. Involvement in research (objective 5) payment might have been a. Studies in principle, so that Contents One challenge was when. Of the four case studies required a longer time period. Continue rather than interrupt them we had less response from. Data from it, and it questions Particularly for research staff. The purposes of private research be very informative to seek. Believe we have largely achieved pi is sceptical but may. Various areas where further research and in real time over. Public involvement in their grant smaller number of case studies. Conclusions and Recommendations for Further such as ours Recommendations for.
  • 8. Conclusions and Recommendations for Further Work - Climatic ...


    Although challenging, it would be very informative to seek to sample sceptical pis. We were perhaps overambitious in trying to ensure such full involvement with the number of research partners and the number and complexity of the case studies. One challenge was when to recruit the case studies. The initially stated overarching aim of this research was to identify the contextual factors and mechanisms that are regularly associated with effective and cost-effective public involvement in research. Similarly, further research might explore the (relatively rare) experiences of marginalised and seldom-heard groups involved in research.

    In the light of the importance we have placed on the commitment of pis, there is an issue of potential selection bias in the recruitment of our sample. This work was produced by evans under the terms of a commissioning contract issued by the secretary of state for health. We have identified a virtuous circle of feedback to research partners on their contribution leading to their improved confidence and motivation, which facilitates their continued contribution. If we were to design this study again, there are a number of changes we would make. It was more difficult than expected to track the impact of public involvement from project inception through to completion (objective 3), as all of our projects turned out to have longer time scales than our own.

    Therefore, funders need to scrutinise the track record of research teams on public involvement to ascertain whether there is any evidence of commitment or leadership on involvement. We received a number of helpful comments and corrections but no disagreement with our overall analysis. Even to track involvement over a stage of a case study research project proved difficult, as the research usually did not fall into neatly staged time periods and one study had no involvement activity over the study period. There were, unsurprisingly, no highly sceptical pis in our sample. Research could explore the leadership role of other research team members, including research partners, and how collective leadership might support effective public involvement. Thus, collecting economic data alongside other case study data in a more integrated way, and particularly with interviews and more ethnographic observation of case study activities, might be advantageous. Whatever the reasons, we had less response from research partners than researchers or research managers, particularly for the third round of data collection thus we have fewer data on outcomes from research partners perspectives and we need to be aware of a possible selection bias towards more engaged research partners. In assessing the meteorological drought, the regionalization of results obtained from observed points in individual meteorological stations was quite interesting. We were also perhaps naive in expecting all the research partners to play the same role in the team different research partners came with different experiences and skills, and, like most of our case studies, we might have been better to be less prescriptive and allow the roles to develop more organically within the project. One of our case studies ultimately undertook no involvement activity over the study period, so we obtained fewer data from it, and it contributed relatively little to our analysis.

    Conclusions and Recommendations for Further Work. Contents .... experienced. Future studies might, for example, look for trends in the spatial correlation of.

    137 CHAPTER 7 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FURTHER ... - Agteca

    137. CHAPTER 7. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH. The research conducted in this thesis has led to some useful results and conclusions on.
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    In terms of the initial objectives, we successfully recruited the sample of eight diverse case studies and collected and analysed data from them (objective 1). Clearly the field will benefit from the guidance and budgeting tool recently disseminated by mhrn and involve. A final consensus event was held, where very useful discussion and amendment of our theory of public involvement took place, and the economic approach was discussed and helpfully critiqued by participants. In assessing the meteorological drought, the regionalization of results obtained from observed points in individual meteorological stations was quite interesting. Many new questions have arisen from this thesis and its results, and answers will require further work and a lot of effort Buy now Recommendation For Further Research

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    In his latest book pawson strongly recommends that outcomes should be measured with quantitative data, but we did not do so we were not aware of the existence of quantitative data or tools that would enable us to collect such data to answer our research questions. In terms of the four studies with parental and young persons involvement that we did include, we have not done a separate analysis of their data, but the themes emerging from those case studies were consistent with our other case studies and contributed to our overall analysis. Nevertheless, we were able to track seven of the eight case studies prospectively and in real time over time periods of up to 9 months, giving us an unusual window on involvement processes that have previously mainly been observed retrospectively Recommendation For Further Research Buy now

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    The results from all the individual stations were averaged for this entire evaluated area which involved considerable simplification. Thus, collecting economic data alongside other case study data in a more integrated way, and particularly with interviews and more ethnographic observation of case study activities, might be advantageous. In assessing the meteorological drought, the regionalization of results obtained from observed points in individual meteorological stations was quite interesting. Particularly for research staff, the questions we asked sometimes made them reflect upon what they were doing and change aspects of their approach to involvement. We would include case studies from the application stage to capture the important early involvement of research partners in the initial design period Buy Recommendation For Further Research at a discount

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    Therefore, it is appropriate to study the regionalization methods, which can bring new knowledge. . Even if we had had the full year initially envisaged for data collection, our conclusion with hindsight was that this was insufficiently long. Thus, the more the nihr and other funders can build reporting, audit and other forms of evaluation on the impact of public involvement directly into their processes with pis, the more likely such questioning might stimulate similar reflection. For those researchers sceptical or agnostic about public involvement, the requirement of funders is a key factor that is likely to make them engage with the involvement agenda.

    We recruited four of our eight case studies prior to the full application, but this was more than 1 year before our project started and 15 months or more before data collection began Buy Online Recommendation For Further Research

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    Training is unlikely to be the key mechanism here senior researchers are much more likely to be influenced by peers or by their personal experience of the benefits of public involvement. Research governance approvals took much longer than expected, particularly as we had to take three of our research partners, who were going to collect data within nhs projects, through the research passport process, which essentially truncated our data collection period from 1 year to 9 months. Even to track involvement over a stage of a case study research project proved difficult, as the research usually did not fall into neatly staged time periods and one study had no involvement activity over the study period Buy Recommendation For Further Research Online at a discount

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    Thus, collecting economic data alongside other case study data in a more integrated way, and particularly with interviews and more ethnographic observation of case study activities, might be advantageous. Similarly, one of the four case studies we recruited later experienced some delays itself in beginning and so we had a more limited period for data collection than initially envisaged. We did, however, test our analysis with all our case study participants by sending a draft of this final report for comment. Chapter 9, conclusions and recommendations for future research. In this intervening period, we found that the time scales of some of the case studies were no longer ideal for our project and we faced the choice of whether to continue with them, although this timing was not ideal, or seek at a late moment to recruit alternative ones Recommendation For Further Research For Sale

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    This work was produced by evans under the terms of a commissioning contract issued by the secretary of state for health. As our sampling strategy explicitly involved a networking approach to pis of projects where we thought some significant public involvement was taking place, we were likely (as we did) to recruit enthusiasts and, at worst, those non-committed who were at least open to the potential value of public involvement. We have identified a virtuous circle of feedback to research partners on their contribution leading to their improved confidence and motivation, which facilitates their continued contribution. This issue may be freely reproduced for the purposes of private research and study and extracts (or indeed, the full report) may be included in professional journals provided that suitable acknowledgement is made and the reproduction is not associated with any form of advertising For Sale Recommendation For Further Research

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    If one of the objectives of r&d policy is to increase the extent and effectiveness of public involvement in research, then a key implication of this research is the importance of influencing pis to value public involvement in research or to delegate to other senior colleagues in leading on involvement in their research. In surface- and groundwater quality changes in periods of water scarcity. Having a 2-week data collection period was also problematic in a field such as public involvement, where activity may be very episodic and infrequent. We received a number of helpful comments and corrections but no disagreement with our overall analysis. Particularly for research staff, the questions we asked sometimes made them reflect upon what they were doing and change aspects of their approach to involvement Sale Recommendation For Further Research

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