Yin Case Study
Case Study Research and Applications: Design and Methods ...
Recognized as one of the most cited methodology books in the social sciences, the Sixth Edition of Robert K. Yin′s bestselling text provides a complete portal to the world of case study research.
Yin Case Study
During this process, researchers are encouraged to logically justify their philosophical position, research design and include a coherent argument for inclusion of varying research methods (luck et al. As a result, while case study research has evolved to be a pragmatic, flexible research approach, the variation in definition, application, validity, and purposefulness can create a confusing platform for its use. Case study research foundations and methodological orientations 34 paragraphs.
This philosophical versatility provides the researcher with the opportunity to decide the methodological orientation used in the conduct of the case study (stewart, 2014 yin, 2014). Object of the case study identified as the entity of interest or unit of analysis program, individual, group, social situation, organization, event, phenomena, or process contextual variables include political, economic, social, cultural, historical, andor organizational factors subjectivity a consistent threadvaries in depth and engagement depending on the philosophical orientation of the research, purpose, and methods involves decisions about people, settings, events, phenomena, social processes methods specified criteria, methodical and purposive replication logic theoretical or literal replication (yin, 2014) methods of data collection interviews, observations, focus groups, artifact and document review, questionnaires andor surveys methods of analysis vary and depend on data collection methods and cases need to be systematic and rigorous a final, critical point when conducting case study research is the importance of careful preparation and planning, coupled with the development of a systematic implementation structure (flyvbjerg, 2011 merriam, 2009 stake, 2006 stewart, 2014 yin, 2014). Prominent case study researchers do however emphasize that an overarching methodology shapes a case study design and that multiple sources of data and methods can be used (merriam, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014), thus providing the distinction between the two.
Interviews and focus groups, observations, and exploring artifacts are most commonly employed to collect and generate data with triangulation of methods and data, however, this is not exclusive. Case study research as a strategy for methodological exploration, according to flyvbjerg (2011) has been around as long as recorded history (p. Like stake, merriam emphasizes the defining feature of case study research as being the object of the study (the bounded system i.
In seeking understanding and meaning, the researcher is positioned with participants as a partner in the discovery and generation of knowledge, where both direct interpretations, and categorical or thematic grouping of findings are used. For this purpose, qualitative researchers can employ a broad scope of methods and interpretative practices in any one study, although they typically include observations, interviews, and analysis of participants words (denzin & lincoln, 2011 merriam, 2009). This resulted in placing more emphasis on inductive exploration, discovery, and holistic analysis that was presented in thick descriptions of the case.
Primarily exploratory and explanatory in nature, case study is used to gain an understanding of the issue in research questions (flyvbjerg, 2011 merriam, 2009 simons, 2009 stake, 2006 stewart, 20). Consequently, over the last 40 years, through the application of a variety of methodological approaches, case study research has undergone substantial development. This range accentuates the flexibility of case study research as a distinct form of inquiry that enables comprehensive and in-depth insight into a diverse range of issues across a number of disciplines.
Richards public health projects have explored injury prevention and safety promotion and focused areas of farm safety, rural safety, occupational health and safety, falls, disasters, health promotion, and alcohol and aquatic safety. These elements delineate case study from other forms of research and inform the critical aspects of the research design and execution. While some may argue that mixing qualitative and quantitative methods could threaten the veracity of the research (boblin et al. We begin with an overview of the history and evolution of case study research, followed by a discussion of the methodological and philosophical variations found within case study designs. Royal institute of technology in cooperation with the international association of peopleenvironment studies, stockholm, september 22-24, 2003, httpwww.
Applications of Case Study Research: Robert K. Yin ...
If you are conducting case study research for the first time, Yin is the best source. As someone who was more experienced in quantitative research methods, this book was a great starting point for me when my dissertation committee decided it would be better for me to conduct a descriptive case study for my research.
Yin Case Study
Yin, Robert K.: Case Study Research. Design and Methods
Zeitschrift für Personalforschung, 26(1), 93-101 95 comprehensive and dense, and the plethora of boxes, diagrams, exercises, and exam-ples are very helpful in order to transfer the content to students.
Yin Case Study
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A (VERY) BRIEF REFRESHER ON THE CASE STUDY METHOD
For stake case study research is the study of the particularity and complexity of a single case, coming to understand its activity within important circumstances (p. Consequently, over the last 40 years, through the application of a variety of methodological approaches, case study research has undergone substantial development. Denzin and lincoln (2011) emphasize the qualitative essence of case study, while acknowledging its evolution and fluidity with regard to accommodating varied ontologies, epistemologies, methodologies, and methods. Change and progress have stemmed from parallel influences from historical approaches to research and individual researchers preferences, perspectives on, and interpretations of case study research. Subjectivity is openly acknowledged and to manage this, the researcher embraces a reflexive stance within the study, adopting methods such as memoing and journaling that support this position (denzin & lincoln, 2011 miles et al.
As a result, some case study approaches are either quantitatively or qualitatively orientated while others encompass both qualitative and quantitative aims and methods (merriam, 2009 miles, huberman & saldana, 2014 yin, 2014). Her research interests include undergraduate and postgraduate nurse education with her current study focusing on the practice readiness of new graduate registered nurses in australia. The most notable case studies include thomas and znanieckis (1958 1918-1920) study of polish peasants in europe and america and, the ethnographic work by malinowski (1913) in the trobriand islands in melanesia that spanned over several years (creswell, hanson, plano clark & morales, 2007 johansson, 2003 stewart, 2014). Figure 1 the history and evolution of case study research (johansson, 2003, p. Ongoing application of and sound debate about the value, validity, and capability of case study research have strengthened the efficacy of case study approaches as powerful forms of qualitative research.
Case study research has grown in reputation as an effective methodology to investigate and understand complex issues in real world settings. The aim is to provide a rich holistic description that illuminates ones understanding of the phenomena (merriam, 1998). As a result, surveys, experiments, and statistical methods anchored in quantitative approaches were favored and considered more rigorous than qualitative designs (johansson, 2003). Over the last 50 years, case study has been re-established as a credible, valid research design that facilitates the exploration of complex issues. Consequently, various designs have been proposed for preparing, planning, and conducting case study research with advice on key considerations for achieving success. Methods used in case study to facilitate achieving the aim of co-constructing data most often include observations, interviews, focus groups, document and artifact analysis (merriam, 2009 simons, 2009 stake, 1995 2006 stewart, 2014 yin, 2014). The continued use of case study to understand the complexities of institutions, practices, processes, and relations in politics, has demonstrated the utility of case study for researching complex issues, and testing causal mechanisms that can be applied across varied disciplines. This ability to accommodate a range of philosophical positions is seen as an advantage whereby case study enables the opportunity to design research that can be specifically tailored to the inherent complexity of the research problem (anthony & jack, 2009 casey & houghton, 2010 flyvbjerg, 2011 farquhar, 2012 luck et al. The ambiguity about case study being either or both a methodology and method, is compounded by the terminology used in discussions about case study. Theoretical frameworks or research questions are used and drawn from the literature or discipline (merriam, 1998).3 A (VERY) BRIEF REFRESHER ON THE CASE STUDY METHOD The case study method embraces the full set of procedures needed to do case study research. These tasks include designing a case study, collecting the study’s data, ana-
Case study - WikipediaIn the social sciences and life sciences, a case study is a research method involving an up-close, in-depth, and detailed examination of a subject of study (the case), as well as its related contextual conditions.
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The researcher attempts to capture her or his interpreted reality of the case, while studying the case situationally enables an examination of the integrated system in which the case unfolds. In this article, we explore the evolution of case study research, discuss methodological variations, and summarize key elements with the aim of providing guidance on the available options for researchers wanting to use case study in their work. The development of grounded theory in the 1960s led to a resurgence in case study research, with its application in the social sciences, education, and the humanities. . Case study designs have been used across a number of disciplines, particularly the social sciences, education, business, law, and health, to address a wide range of research questions Buy now Yin Case Study
Across the literature, case study is referred to as a methodology and a method, an approach, research and research design, research strategy, andor a form of inquiry (anthony & jack, 2009 brown, 2008 creswell, 2014 gerring, 2004 merriam, 2009 simons, 2009, stake, 1995, 2006 stewart, 2014 yin, 2014). On the other hand, stake (1995) takes a more flexible stance and while concerned with rigor in the processes, maintains a focus on what is studied (the case) rather than how it is studied (the method). Each methodology is unique in approach depending on the ontological and epistemological stance, however all stem from the motivation to explore, seek understanding, and establish the meaning of experiences from the perspective of those involved (ibid Yin Case Study Buy now
What is case study research? In jillian d. Case studies continued to be used during this time, however usually as a method within quantitative studies or referred to as descriptive research to study a specific phenomenon (merriam, 2009). For stake, multiple sources and methods of data collection and analysis can be used, however, interviews and observations are the preferred and dominant data collection method. Over the last forty years, case study research has undergone substantial methodological development. With the emergence and dominance of positivism in science in the late 1940s and 1950s, quantitative methods became a popular focus for the social sciences.
While some may argue that mixing qualitative and quantitative methods could threaten the veracity of the research (boblin et al Buy Yin Case Study at a discount
Defining the case (unit of analysis or object of the study) and bounding the case can be difficult as many points of interest and variables intersect and overlap in case study research. Paradigmatic controversies, contradictions, and emerging confluences, revisited in qualitative research. Schematic representation of case study research designs. Over the last forty years, case study research has undergone substantial methodological development. Since the 1980s a broad scope of case study approaches have developed.
A further challenge to understanding case study research relates to it being referred to and used as both a methodology and a method. A relativist or interpretivist perspective adopts the premises that multiple realities and meanings exist, which depend on and are co-created by the researcher (lincoln, lynham & guba, 2011 yin, 2014) Buy Online Yin Case Study
Given the variation in definitions and descriptions, referring to case study research as a methodology andor a single method can be perplexing, misleading, and at times counterproductive (anthony & jack, 2009 boblin, ireland, kirkpatrick & robertson, 2013 flyvbjerg, 2011). . In terms of epistemology, stake argues that situation shapes activity, experience, and ones interpretation of the case. At the same time, case study research was often criticized for its inability to support generalizability and thus considered to provide limited validity and value as a research design (johansson, 2003 merriam, 2009 stewart, 2014). Central to these variations is the underpinning ontological and epistemological orientations of those involved in the evolution of case study research Buy Yin Case Study Online at a discount
Methods used in case study to facilitate achieving the aim of co-constructing data most often include observations, interviews, focus groups, document and artifact analysis (merriam, 2009 simons, 2009 stake, 1995 2006 stewart, 2014 yin, 2014). Her research interests are primary health care, public health and health systems strengthening. The most common definitions come from the work of yin (2014), stake (1995), and merriam (2009). Because of this, constructivism and interpretivism commonly permeate the implementation of this research design. Paradigmatic controversies, contradictions, and emerging confluences, revisited in qualitative research.
With the dominance of logical positivism from the 1940s through to the 1960s and 1970s case study methodology was viewed with skepticism and criticism Yin Case Study For Sale
Embedded within yins (2014) case study design are the hallmarks of a postpositivist approach to research seeking rival explanations and falsifying hypotheses, the capability for replication with a multiple case study design, the pursuit of generalizations (if required), minimizing levels of subjectivity, and the use of multiple methods of qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis. Clarifying case study research examples from practice. Change and progress have stemmed from parallel influences from historical approaches to research and individual researchers preferences, perspectives on, and interpretations of case study research. . Methods used in case study to facilitate achieving the aim of co-constructing data most often include observations, interviews, focus groups, document and artifact analysis (merriam, 2009 simons, 2009 stake, 1995 2006 stewart, 2014 yin, 2014) For Sale Yin Case Study
While over time the contributions of researchers from varied disciplines have helped to develop and strengthen case study research, the variety of disciplinary backgrounds has also added complexity, particularly around how case study research is defined, described, and applied in practice. Maintaining meticulous records and a systematic chain of evidence over the duration of the study is critical as is being able to access, present and explain procedures supports the ethical integrity and rigor of the research and findings (merriam, 2009 stewart, 2014 yin, 2014). The use of multiple methods to collect and analyze data are encouraged and found to be mutually informative in case study research where together they provide a more synergistic and comprehensive view of the issue being studied (flyvbjerg, 2011 merriam, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014) Sale Yin Case Study
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